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City Profile: Oslo, Norway

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Vigeland Park in Oslo, Norway

Vigeland Park in Oslo, Norway

Vigeland Park

The City of Oslo:

Oslo (which was called Christiania in 1624-1878, and Kristiania in 1878-1924) is Norway's capital. Oslo is also the biggest city in Norway. The population of Oslo is about 545,000, however 1.3 million live in the greater Oslo metropolitan area and there are about 1.7 million inhabitants in the entire Oslo Fjord region. (Here is a city map of Oslo.)

The city center of Oslo is centrally located and easy to find at the end of the Oslo Fjord from where the city surrounds both sides of the fjord like a horseshoe.

Transportation in Oslo:

It's easy to find flights to Oslo-Gardermoen and if you're within Scandinavia already, there are several ways to get from city to city. The public transportation system in Oslo itself is quite extensive, punctual, and affordable. All public transport in Oslo operates on a common ticket system, allowing free transfer within a period of one hour with a regular ticket.

Oslo's Location & Weather:

Oslo (coordinates: 59° 56'N 10° 45'E) is found at the Oslofjord's northernmost tip. There are forty (!) islands within the city area and 343 lakes in Oslo.
Oslo includes many parks with lots of nature to see, which gives Oslo a relaxing, green appearance. Wild moose is sometimes seen in suburban areas of Oslo in winter. Oslo has a hemiboreal continental climate and the average temperatures are:
April - May: 4.5 to 10.8 degrees Celsius (40F to 51F)
June - August: 15.2 to 16.4 degrees Celsius (60F to 61,5F)
September - October: 6.3 to 10.8 degrees Celsius (43,3F to 51,4F)
November - March: 0.7 to –4.3 degrees Celsius (33F to 24F)
Find out more about the weather in Oslo.

History of Oslo, Norway:

Oslo was founded circa 1050 by Harold III. In the 14th century, Oslo came under the dominance of the Hanseatic League. After a great fire in 1624, the city was rebuilt and renamed Christiania (later also Kristiania) until 1925 when the name Oslo was made official again.
In World War II, Oslo fell (Apr. 9, 1940) to the Germans, and it was occupied until the surrender (May, 1945) of the German forces in Norway. The neighboring industrial commune of Aker was incorporated into Oslo in 1948.

Oslo's Attractions, Events & Travel Planning:

Oslo has a lot to offer. You can find local festivities and events along with attractions and regional hotel/dining reviews in this helpful travel guide: Oslo Travel Guide.

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