Countries that belong to the EEA are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.
Countries that are EEA member countries but NOT part of the European Union are: Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein.
The purpose of the European Economic Area is the participation in the European Market trade and movement, without having to apply to be one of the EU member countries. In part, Scandinavian customs regulations apply to citizens from all EEA countries.
Switzerland, while a member of EFTA, is neither in the EU nor in the EEA.
Image shows current European Economic Area countries in dark blue, with 2008 data.